ST . AUGUSTINE SCHOOL OF TANZANIA.
FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES AND SALES AND MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS.
DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY AND ETHICS.
ACCADEMIC YEAR 2011/2012- 2 TERM.
COURSE TITLE: RELATIVE RELIGION (BAPRM2& BScT 1)
COURSE CODE: PH 221
CREDIT HOURS: 3 HRS A WEEK
Course lecturer: Ms ELEGANCE RICHARD KAMBONA
1 ) GENERAL SUMMARY OF RELIGION 1 ) 1 . Precisely what is religion? The term Religion is derived from a Latina word " religio” meaning " fear or awe” in the occurrence of a unnatural reality or perhaps being. Religious beliefs can be simply described as perception in spiritual beings. The Concise Oxford Dictionary defines religion as belief in and praise of a superhuman controlling electricity, especially an individual God or perhaps gods. Faith is an element of human being experience that may intersect, combine, or surpasse other aspects of life and society. Religious beliefs in this understanding includes a intricate of activities that may not be reduced to the single aspect of human experience. It is a part of individual existence but likewise of group dynamics. Religious beliefs includes habits of tendencies but as well patterns of language and thought. 1 ) 2 . This is of comparison religion Relative religion is actually a field of religious studies that analyzes the similarities and differences of themes, myths, rituals and concepts among the list of world's religions. It designates our activity to review and analyze themes that cut through the various religions i. e. common styles. Comparative research of religion illustrates that every religion possesses several measure of truth. 1 . 3. Reasons for learning Comparative religious beliefs To acquire understanding of the traditional development of the major strands from the religions to be discussed. To familiarize while using beliefs and practices that characterize the lifestyle of adherents to these religions. To identify a number of the challenges that confront modern day adherents to religions. Faith being an integral part of human being life, it really is, therefore , a suitable subject pertaining to scientific research. 1 . four. Function of faith Based on the anthropologists, faith helps to unite people within a shared experience and reason of life. It provides a pattern of human being behavior, typically in response to the hazards of life.
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Sociologists stress the social aspect of religious suggestions. To them region provides an agreed way of looking at the world. It gives an individual a sense of goal and meaning. Religious beliefs plays an important role inside the self-organization of personality. In this regard, religion becomes part of the person's personal habit i. electronic. leads to character development. It provides general conceptions about the purchase of living (creation) we. e. just how things are present and so why they can be found. Karl Marx, a sociologist, believes that faith is the opium of the persons. It gives pain relief to the oppressed; it gives cardiovascular system to the heartless. It also minimizes people of oppression. 1 . 5. Dimensions/themes of religion (Basic elements of religions) There are various approaches to looking and studying religion, and different methodologies that can be used. Ninian Wise considers a ‘dimensional' method of the study of religious beliefs to be valuable because inspite of their variety, it is possible for making sense from the variety and discern several patterns in the luxurious vegetation of the planet's religions and sub- customs through taking on a dimensional approach. 1 ) 5. 1 . The functional and routine dimension (Ritual and worship) Every tradition has some formal practices that it adheres for instance regular worship, praying, preaching, and so on. They are often referred to as rituals. This kind of practical and ritual dimension is very important with faiths/religions of the strongly sacramental kind, like the Orthodox Christianity with its extended and intricate service referred to as liturgy and the Eucharist or Holy Accord for Christian believers. This dimensions is sometimes summed up in the religious framework as any to the outside action connected to an interior intention. It...