Race, Ethnicity, and Deviance

Sociological Forum, Volume. 17, No . 4, December 2002 ( C 2002)

Race, Racial, and Deviance: A Study of Asian and Non-Asian Adolescents in America1 Sung Joon Jang2

This study shows that Asian American adolescents devote less deviance in the form of university misbehavior than white, dark, Hispanic, or perhaps Native American adolescents. Interpersonal control and social learning theories get support while the observed differences happen to be explained mostly by race/ethnic differences in family members backgrounds and school connecting. These variables' explanatory capability tends to be invariant across 4 regional categories of Asian Americans. This research applies OLS regression to self-reported info from a nationally representative sample. KEY WORDS: Asian American; adolescent deviance; social control; social learning; race/ racial; juvenile delinquency.

INTRODUCTION Accompanied by the ongoing argument over the arbitrariness of race categorization and changes in the sociable conception and significance of race and ethnicity (Alba, 1990; Barringer et 's., 1993; Lieberson and Marine environments, 1988; Peterson and Hagan, 1984; Pat, 1980), sociological criminologists have regarded race/ethnicity as a main demographic associate of deviance and crime. While early self-report studies argued that racial/ethnic variations in crime observed in official data primarily reflect bias in the justice system against racial/ethnic minorities (e. g., Chambliss and Nagasawa, 1 An

earlier edition of this daily news was provided at the 12th International Our elected representatives on Criminology of the Foreign Society to get Criminology, Seoul, Korea, Aug, 1998. two Department of Sociology, Louisiana State School, 126 Stubbs Hall, Creux Rouge, Louisiana 70803; email-based: [email protected] edu. 647 0884-8971/02/1200-0647/0

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2002 Plenum Creating Corporation

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Jang

1969), victimization studies, as well as afterwards self-report studies, find that the system-bias element cannot clarify most of the noticed differences (Hindelang et al., 1979; Sampson and Lauritsen, 1997). Cross-national studies generally concur with this finding (Tonry, 1997). Previous researchers, however , include given the majority of attention to white– black side by side comparisons, whether they look at the race/ethnicity–crime bivariate marriage or the theoretical details, using official or unofficial data (e. g., Elliott et approach., 1989; Hindelang et approach., 1979; Matsueda and Heimer, 1987; Sampson and Lauritsen, 1997). Asian Americans include rarely recently been a focus appealing in comparison etiological exploration. Even in gang research, they tend to receive less interest compared to additional racial organizations (Toy, 1992), and discussion of the charge of Oriental American criminality largely remains to be sketchy and frequently speculative (e. g., Bouquets, 1988). This general deficiency of interest in Asian Americans between criminologists can be partly due to their low visibility not only in demographic data3 although also in crime figures, which might include led students to truly feel less desperation to study Hard anodized cookware Americans than other racial/ethnic minorities whose criminality tends to be higher. However , their very own low criminality itself warrants systematic examination of Asian People in the usa, as much as large criminality arrest warrants the study of additional racial/ethnic minorities. Another feasible reason might be simply the unavailability of data accumulated from a representative sample which includes a relatively numerous Asian American respondents. Awkward, few criminologists have done comprehensive analysis that compares Asian Us citizens and non-Asian Americans in deviance and crime. To fill this kind of gap in knowledge, the present study is targeted on adolescent deviance, primarily misbehavior at university. Specifically, it first examines the empirical validity in the popular picture of Asian American adolescents as well behaved in comparison to other racial/ethnic groups, employing self-reported info from a national study, unlike previous studies that rely on official data, especially police-arrest data or...

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